Madagascar, officially the Republic of Madagascar and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is anisland country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of Southeast Africa. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar (the fourth-largest island in the world), as well as numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana, Madagascar split from India around 88 million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation. Consequently, Madagascar is abiodiversity hotspot; over 90 percent of its wildlife is found nowhere else on Earth. The island's diverse ecosystems and unique wildlife are threatened by the encroachment of the rapidly growing human population as well as the recently spotted Cane Toad relative which, according to researchers, "could wreac havoc on the unique biodiversity in Madagascar."
Enter the sacred ancient royal city that foreigners were banned from before. Ambohimanga is the cradle of the Merina dynasty, the Mecca of the Merina Kingdom and the starting point for the unification of Imerina.
Take half a day off to get to know Madagascar's wildlife in Tzimbazaza.
Devote some time to stroll quietly through the lush vegetation on the edge of a small lake where hundreds of birds come to live in the middle of bamboo trees and an arboretum. Most species of lemur living in the island are represented here in semi-captivity and a vivarium houses small mammals and reptiles.