Prior to Spanish colonization, the Andean region of Bolivia was a part of the Inca Empire, while the northern and eastern lowlands were inhabited by independent tribes. Spanish conquistadors arriving from Cuzco andAsunción took control of the region in the 16th century. During most of the Spanish colonial period, Bolivia was known as Upper Peru and administered by the Royal Court of Charcas. After the first call for independence in 1809, 16 years of war followed before the establishment of the Republic, named for Simón Bolívar, on 6 August 1825. Bolivia has since endured periods of political and economic instability, including the loss of various peripheral territories to its neighbors, such as Acre, parts of the Gran Chaco and its coast.
Spend a whole day exploring the city of La Paz, the administrative capital of Bolivia and the highest capital city in the world.
Explore the largest city in Bolivia and get a glimpse of its history, politics and culture.
See the Constitutional Capital of Bolivia and the seat of the Supreme Court. Learn how Sucre earned its four names that refer to a specific period in its history and visit its main attractions.