Tours of Tusheti national park
The neigbouring regions of Tusheti and Khevsureti are situated in the north-eastern end of Georgia. They are bordered by Daghestan to the east, Chechnya to the north, and Kakheti to the south. These regions are punctuated by the peaks of the Greater Caucasus range, carved asunder by numerous gorges, the waters from which flow into two major rivers: the Pirikiti Alazani and Gometsari Alazani. They are separated by the Makratela watershed and merge near the village of Shenako where they leave Georgia and, as the single Andis Koisu, flow into Daghestan and down to the Caspian Sea.
Tusheti Protected Areas cover 122 050 hectares and consist of the Tusheti Strict Nature Reserve, Tusheti National Park and Tusheti Protected Landscape. What is being preserved and protected is an environment of astonishing, wild beauty that is inhabited by hundreds of endemic botanical and animal species.
Among the 230 endemic herbacous species found in the Tusheti Protected Areas are Tushetian monkshood (Aconitum tuscheticum), Iberian barberry (Berberis iberica), Colchican hazelnut (Corylus iberica), several species of amaryllis (Pancratium), Tushetian dog-rose (Rosa tuschetica), Tebulo’s buttercup (Ranunculus tebulosus), Caucasian and yellow fritillaries (Fritillaria), squill (Scilla borea) and Julia’s primrose (Primula juliae). Among the shrubs and trees are Caucasian endemics Radde’s birch (Betula raddeana) and Caucasian rhododendron (Rhododendron caucasicum).
The weathered slopes and inaccessible cliffs in this reach of the Greater Caucasus range are home to the nimble East Caucasian tur, chamois and Bezoar goat and the Caucasian snow cock. The Caucasian grouse--the least known of the world’s grouse-- nests on the ground, in the rhododendron and birch groves. Roe deer and, very rarely, red deer can be seen. Wild boar regularly visit from neighboring Daghestan.
Red fox and gray wolf can be found even at the highest elevations. The stability of the bear population is confirmed by foot prints everywhere. Lynx thrive on a diet of small rodents, hare and even chamois and young tur.
Scientists have not given up hope that the Mountains of Tusheti may shelter the endangered Caucasian leopard (Panthera pardus ciscaucasica) whose number is declining and is estimated at about a thousand for the whole of its range.
Note: Price depends on type of accommodation and number of persons.
There are many national parks and protected areas in Georgia, each unique and with great commitment to preservation of nature. None can match Borjomi-Kharagauli National Park in importance however. As a member of PAN Parks, it is a wildlife reserve that applies the highest standards of protection and sustainable development of tourism.
Vashlovani Protected Areas consist of Vashlovani Nature Reserve, Vashlovani National Park and three Natural Monuments (Eagle Gorge, Takhti-Tepa mud volcanoes and Kaklisquri Alazani flood plain forest). It is bordered to the east by the Alazani River and also benefits from the nearby Iori River to the south. The water cuts a deep, beautiful canyon known as the ‘sharp walls’ through limestone cliffs which rise to 150 m.
Lagodekhi Protected Areas are located in the most north-eastern part of Georgia. They include the Lagodekhi Strict Nature Reserve and Lagodekhi Managed Nature Reserve along the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus range. The protected areas lie between 400-3500 m above sea level.
Mtirala National Park is located in Adjara. Mtirala mountain is located between the Black Sea and the Adjarian mountain range on the watershed of the Chakvistskali and Koraghitskali rivers. These mountains intercept the humid air from the Black Sea and determine Adjara's climate. Generally, Adjara is rich in atmospheric precipitation but Mount Mtirala, with a height of 1381 m, has the highest rainfall (4520 mm) making it the wettest site in all Georgia. This also explains the name Mtirala which means ‘the weeping one’.