Beauty of the Northern Georgia I
East Georgian Mountains
Until 1936 Tbilisi was known as Tiflis and comprised the suburbs of Abanotubani, Kharpukhi, Kala, Isan-Avlabari, Sololaki, Mtatsminda, Vere, Ortachala, Chugureti, Didube and Nadzaladevi. Most historical sights are concentrated in Old Tbilisi which has been a candidate for a UNESCO World Heritage Site listing since 2007.
The old historical neighbourhood is perched on a cliff overlooking the Mtkvari (Kura) River. The district is one of the earliest inhabited areas of Tbilisi and features Narikala fortress--originally also royal residence--built on foundations laid by king Vakhtang Gorgasali in the 5th century AD. Abo of Tbilisi, the patron saint of the city, was incarcerated here in the 8th century.
The fortress affords a wide view over the city and the Mtkvari river as it has done since the 5th century.
This old district of Tbilisi is famous for its sulfur baths. According to legend king Vakhtang Gorgasali’s falcon fell into one of the hot springs and the King decided to establish his capital here.
Constructed on a rocky mountain at the confluence of the Mtkvari and Aragvi rivers, this 6th century Georgian Orthodox monastery overlooks the town of Mtskheta*, the former capital of the kingdom of Iberia. Jvari is built on the spot where St Nino erected the first cross as a symbol of Christianity. According to 4th-century accounts this cross (jvari) worked miracles and drew pilgrims from all over the Caucasus.
Twenty km from Tbilisi lies the historical town of Mtskheta* and the 11th-century Georgian Orthodox cathedral of Svetitskhoveli*. It is believed to be the burial site of Christ’s mantle, and is the seat of the archbishop of Mtskheta and Tbilisi, the Catholicos-Patriarch of all Georgia.
Remnants of a 1st century bridge built in Iberia by the legionaries of the Roman general Pompey can still be seen today.
Armazi was the most important fortress in the ancient capital of Iberia. According to medieval Georgian sources it was constructed in the 3rd century BC on the right bank of the Mtkvari river. Currently Armazi fortress is an open tourist destination where archaeological excavations are in progress and one might even become a witness to great discoveries!
The feudal dynasty which ruled the area from the 13th century built the Ananuri castle complex on the bank of the Aragvi River. It was the scene of many battles.
The fortress itself and the panoramic view over the Zhinvali water reservoir are stunning.
2200 m above sea level, on a promontory at the foot of mighty Mount Qazbegi and overlooking the village of Stepantsminda, beckons Gergetis Sameba, the church of the Holy Trinity near the village of Gergeti.
Like an ancient guard of Khevi province the square tower of Sno fortress stands on the bank of the Sno creek. In summer the surrounding mountains are covered in alpine flowers.
* indicates a UNESCO World Heritage site
Day 1: Arrival in Tbilisi, transfer to the hotel, overnight in Tbilisi
Day 2: Mtskheta, Ananuri, overnight in Pasanauri
Day 3: Sno, Kazbegi, overnight in Pasanauri
Day 4: Rafting, degustation, overnight in Pasanauri
Day 5: Horse riding, overnight in Pasanauri
Day 6: Tbilisi night tour, overnight in Tbilisi
Day 7: Tbilisi tour, free time, overnight in Tbilisi
Day 8: Transfer to the airport
Note: Price depends on the type of accommodation and the number of persons.
The tour takes you from Tbilisi to Batumi, two unique Georgian cities which are major tourist sites with a blend of Georgian, European and Asian architecture and culture, and exclusive local cuisine.
During the trip you will visit , a place where the legendary king ruled , the son of the god of the sun Heliosis , Ayety . Places where Aeetes and Medea fell in love. Will see Svan towers and brave soul of Caucasus Mountains. … and what is more, you will be higher than any person in Europe, as you will stay in the highest populated region of the continent. ...
Georgia had a lot of enemies for centuries. When the country was in danger population together with the state’s greatest treasure ran to the mountains. Mountain villages, respectively were strongly fortified, and in many cases entire villages were military prisons.