OLD AND NEW CAPITALS

OLD AND NEW CAPITALS

Information

Duraition: 5 Nights / 6 Days
Price: 0 USD / per person

For many centuries Georgia had 3 capitals. Each capital in the past as well as today played the most important role in the country's history. Mtskheta - city of cities, the ancient capital of Iberia and spiritual center of our country. City where Christ 's robe is kept. Kutaisi - called aiad in ancient times, the place from where Heliosi’s son of the sun God ruled and Tbilisi - the capital and is generally called the mother of all cities. Each of them keeps an unique story in its walls.

Places to visit:

Old Tbilisi – historical part of the city, covers suburbs which till 1936 were called “Tiflis”. Old Tbilisi covers following suburbs: Abanotubani – Kharpukhi (old Seidabad), Kala, Isan-Avlabari, Sololaki, Mtatsminda, Vere, Ortachala, Chugureti, Didube, Nadzaladevi. Most sights are concentrated in Old Tbilisi, and therefore, the main tourist attraction center. Since 2007, Old Tbilisi is candidate of being included in the UNESCO World Heritage list.

Metekhi - The historic district on a high cliff overlooking on the banks of the Kura River. This area is particularly sacred for Georgians, because here was tortured for Christianity saint of Tbilisi - St. Abo Tbileli. Here were also tortured one hundred thousand people for faith, there is no other fact in the history of torturing so many people in one day for religion.

Narikhala - one of the most beautiful district of Old Tbilisi where are built fortresses of different era. The exact date and time of the prison building is unknown. However, its main prison already existed in the seventh century, and was called envy fortress. Archaeologists find remains of the city's ancient walls even today, throughout the prison complex.

Abanotubani - This is the place where, according to legend, was established Tbilisi. There's lots of sulfuric medical baths, but Colorful bath, still stands out for its beauty and Asian elegance. District is distinguished by its multi-ethnic. The architecture is unique this site is paradise for painters with its variety of colors and beautiful landscapes.
Monastery of Jvari (Cross)– Georgian monastery complex of 6th century, which is built near the merge of rivers Kura and Aragvi. It is built on the place where st.Nino put out the cross as a symbol of the victory of Christianity to Paganism. Jvari - the first cross-shaped architectural structure building in the world.

Svetitskholeli - a masterpiece of Georgian architecture. The first temple, which was erected after the adoption of Christianity. At first it was made of wood, in the 5th century stone church was erected on the site of the old one , which ruins are preserved. Finally, in the 11th century was built a cross-shaped Temple in the name of the Twelve Apostles Church. Catholicos of Kartli Melqisedek built a new temple on the place of old one. He invited Arsakidze as architecture . Construction began in 1010 and ended in 1029. Many holy things are kept in Svetitzkhoveli ,especially foot of saint Andria and of course priceless relics of Christianity - Christ's robe .

Pompey Bridge - "Bridge of the Magi" BC. In 65 BC restored bridge based on the agreement between head of Kartli Artag and Pompey Gneus. In modern times its possible to see only at certain times of the year, it may be the time when the river goes down, the rest of the time he is covered with water.

Armazi fortress - the ancient capital of Iberia 's main fortress . According to the medieval Georgian sources , Armazi fortress was founded 3rd century BC., first by the King of Iberia Parnavaz , on the place now called K'art'li. This castle is situated on Mount Bagineti , which is located on the right bank of the Kura , Aragvi . Nowadays Armazi fortress is open tourist destination , where you can view the archaeological excavation and it is quite possible to become a witness of great discoveries .

Gelati Monastery - Georgian architectural ensemble of the most important medieval center. It was established in 1106 under the leadership of David the builder. Is included in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage list. David IV the greatest king of Georgian history is buried here. Derbent gate is stored here, which was brought by David the king from the coast of the Caspian Sea , after the seizure of Derbent Khanate.

Bagrati Temple – was built by the order of the Bagrat III in 1003, with the status of the main cathedral, of Saint Mary's name. Medieval church occupies a special place in the hearts of the people because it was built by King Bagrat, in honor of Georgia’s union.

Sataplia - here you will mostly encounter, Colchis forest endemic species. However, its charms are Satapliya system of caves and the footprints of dinosaurs, where the preserve of the museum is around it, where you meet a lot of different kinds "of dinosaurs."

Itinerary:

Day 1: Arrival in Tbilisi International Airport/ transfer to the hotel / overnight in Tbilisi /
Day 2: Mtskheta / overnight in Kutaisi
Day 3: Kutaisi /Sataplia / overnight in Kutaisi 
Day 4: Tbilisi museum / night Tbilisi/ overnight in Tbilisi /
Day 5: Tbilisi/Sulfuric baths in case of desire/ overnight in Tbilisi /
Day 6: Transfer to the airport /

Note: Price depends on accommodation type and persons quantity.

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