TOURS OF MTIRALA NATIONAL PARK
Mtirala National Park is located in histor¬ical Achara. The territory of Mtiralais constructed by volcanic-sedimentary rocks of so-called “Naghvarevi Pack”, which are presented by alternation of sub-alkali and lime alkali basalts, trachiandesites, andesites, delenites, tuffites, marls and argillites. Mount Mtirala is located between the Black Sea and Achara mountain system on the watershed of Chakvistskali and Koraghitskali.These mountains intercept the humid air from the Black Sea and determine Achara's very humid climate. Generally, Achara is rich in atmospheric pre¬cipitation but the Mount Mtirala, height of which is 1381 m above sea level, is the most abundant with precipitation. Annual precipitation reaches to 4520 mm here, due to which the Mount Mtirala is considered as one of the wettest sites not only in Achara but in our country as well.The toponym "Mtirala" (“Weeping”) was given to this Mount just because of abundant precipitation.
The flora of Mtirala is rich and diverse. In the territory of the National Park are widespread both, the forest vegetation represented by chestnut groves, beech groves and the mixed forest of Cholchic type and evergreen shrubbery of Pontic rhododendron (Rhododendron ponticum) characteristic for Kolkheti. Beech, lime, chestnut, alder and hornbeam can be found in the forest of Colchic type. The underbrush is covered with shrubbery of Pontic rhododendron, Cherry laurel (Laurocerasus officinalis),Black Sea holly (Ilex colchica), Colchic box tree (Buxus colchica)several kinds of lianas.
Rare, endemic and Georgia’s Red List species to Achara-Lazeti such asTeaberry-likearbutus(Epigaea gaultheroides), Primrose(Primula megasaefolia) and Medvedev’s birch (Betula medwedewii) are widespreadin the territory of Mtirala National Park.
The fauna of Mtirala is rich as well. Among amphibians Caucasian salamander, Banded newt, Caucasian toad, Common tree frog, Long-legged frog and Eurasian marsh frog can be found here.
Three species of lizard and several species of snakes, such as Grass Snake and Dice Snake, and Caucasian Viper inhabit here.
The Ornithofauna of the National Park is quite richinbirds of prey. Here are registered Booted Eagle (Hieraaetus pennantus), Common Buzzard(Buteo buteo), Goshawk(Accipiter gentilis), Sparrowhawk(Accipiter nisus),Eurasian hobby(Falco subbuteo),Common kestrel (Falco tinnunculus), as well as the nocturnal birds of prey, such as Eurasian eagle owl (Bubo bubo) and Common scops owl (Otus scops). Among the other birds here nest hoopoe, wood-pecker, raven, Blackbird, and Golden oriole.
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There are many national parks and protected areas in Georgia, each unique and with great commitment to preservation of nature. None can match Borjomi-Kharagauli National Park in importance however. As a member of PAN Parks, it is a wildlife reserve that applies the highest standards of protection and sustainable development of tourism.
Georgia is distinguished by its landscape. Here you will meet, the green orchards, and all types of landscapes. The Protected Areas are located among the two main vital sources, the main rivers of Kakheti – Iori and Alazani. The gorge is a deep and very beautiful canyon cut by a little ravine through the cliffs of limestone origin.
Tusheti is bordered by Dagestan to the east and by Chechnya – to the north. Khevsureti is located to the west of Tusheti and Kakheti – to the south. Tusheti, surrounded by the high mountain ranges and summits, is rugged by the numerous gorges, the waters from which flow into the two major rivers of Tusheti – Pirikiti’sAlazani and Tusheti’s (Gometsari) Alazani separated with the watershed of Makratela.
Lagodekhi Protected Areas are located in the most north-eastern part of Georgia. They include the Lagodekhi Strict Nature Reserve and Lagodekhi Managed Nature Reserve along the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus range. The protected areas lie between 400-3500 m above sea level.