Georgia is rich with protected areas or national parks, each has own value and uniqueness ...
There are many national parks and protected areas in Georgia, each unique and with great commitment to preservation of nature. None can match Borjomi-Kharagauli National Park in importance however. As a member of PAN Parks, it is a wildlife reserve that applies the highest standards of protection and sustainable development of tourism.
Vashlovani Protected Areas consist of Vashlovani Nature Reserve, Vashlovani National Park and three Natural Monuments (Eagle Gorge, Takhti-Tepa mud volcanoes and Kaklisquri Alazani flood plain forest). It is bordered to the east by the Alazani River and also benefits from the nearby Iori River to the south. The water cuts a deep, beautiful canyon known as the ‘sharp walls’ through limestone cliffs which rise to 150 m.
The neigbouring regions of Tusheti and Khevsureti are situated in the north-eastern end of Georgia. They are bordered by Daghestan to the east, Chechnya to the north, and Kakheti to the south. These regions are punctuated by the peaks of the Greater Caucasus range, carved asunder by numerous gorges, the waters from which flow into two major rivers: the Pirikiti Alazani and Gometsari Alazani. They are separated by the Makratela watershed and merge near the village of Shenako where they leave Georgia and, as the single Andis Koisu, flow into Daghestan and down to the Caspian Sea.
Lagodekhi Protected Areas are located in the most north-eastern part of Georgia. They include the Lagodekhi Strict Nature Reserve and Lagodekhi Managed Nature Reserve along the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus range. The protected areas lie between 400-3500 m above sea level.
Mtirala National Park is located in Adjara. Mtirala mountain is located between the Black Sea and the Adjarian mountain range on the watershed of the Chakvistskali and Koraghitskali rivers. These mountains intercept the humid air from the Black Sea and determine Adjara's climate. Generally, Adjara is rich in atmospheric precipitation but Mount Mtirala, with a height of 1381 m, has the highest rainfall (4520 mm) making it the wettest site in all Georgia. This also explains the name Mtirala which means ‘the weeping one’.